1. This tense used to refer to an action or event that takes place habitually. On the other hand to remark habits, general realities, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes.
2. The simple present tense is the tense which is used to express an action which takes place in present time. In most cases, it is an action that occurs regularly. Why is it referred to as ”simple”? This is due to the fact that it occurs as a single word such as go or goes.
For Indian Users Explanation in Hindi:
पहचान: इन वाक्यों के अंत में ता है /ते हैं /ती है /ता हूँ आता है।
राम जाता है।
वे खेलने जाते हैं।
सीता पढने जाती है।
How to make Tense:
If Sub= I, You, or Plural(बहुवचन) Then:
1. Sub+Verb 1st form [ मैं खेलने जाता हूँ । – I go to play. ]
2. Sub+don’t+Verb 1st form [ तुम खेलने नहीं जाते हो । – You don’t go to play. ]
3. How+do+Sub+Verb 1st form [तुम खेलने कैसे जाते हो । – How do you go to play?]
4. Why+don’t+Sub+Verb 1st form [तुम खेलने क्यों नहीं जाते हो । – Why don’t you go to play?]
Speaking in Stress or loudly: Sub+do+Verb 1st form [ वे बाजार जाते हैं! – They do go to market.]
Sentence using Never : Sub+never+Verb 1st form [ वे खेलने कभी नहीं जाते हैं। – They never go to play.]
If Sub=Singular(एकवचन) Then:
1. Sub+Verb 1st form+s/es [राम बाजार जाता है। – Ram goes to market.]
2. Sub+doesn’t+Verb 1st form [वह खेलने नहीं जाता है। – He doesn’t go to play.]
3. How+does+Sub+Verb 1st form [राम बाजार कैसे जाता है। – How does Ram go to market?]
4. Why+doesn’t+Sub+Verb 1st form [राम बाजार क्यों नहीं जाता है। – Why doesn’t Ram go to market? ]
Speaking in Stress or loudly: Sub+does+Verb 1st form [राम बाजार जाता है! – Ram does go to market.]
Sentence using Never: Sub+never+Verb 1st form+s/es [वह खेलने कभी नहीं जाता है। – He never go to play.]
The simple present tense has various uses which include:
To express truths in present time or statements which are true at all times:
Below are some examples:
(i). The sun rises in the east. It is common knowledge and true that the sun usually rises in the east. Since it is in third person, an -s is added to the verb.
(ii). Sydney is the capital city of Australia.In this situation, ”is” is a verb in the sentence. It is the simple present tense.
To show an action that happens regularly- This is mostly in terms of habits:
(i). He goes on a trip every weekend. The present tense ”goes” shows that on each and every weekend, the person goes on a trip.
Also used to express an action in the future. How?
You may wonder. Well, when talking about future planned events or schedules like:
(i). My flight departs tomorrow at noon.
(ii) The exam begins at the end of the semester.
Used in conditional statements:
(i). If he fails this test, he won’t proceed.
Used to express permanent situations which are less likely to change:
(i). He doesn’t eat Mexican food.
Forms of Simple Present Tense.
It has three forms mainly: 1. Interrogative, 2. Negative and 3. Positive forms.
For this form of the simple present, the sentence is started off with the auxiliary verb ”Do” except in situations where the subject is in third person singular, where an ”es” is added to the verb.
(i). Does he go to school?
(ii). Do you love her?
Positive Form: In this form, the base form of a verb is used except in third person singular where an ”s” is added to the main verb.
(i). He goes to school.
(ii). He loves her.
Negative Form: In this form, the auxiliary verb ”Do” is used except in third person singular where ”Does” is used. In both cases the word ”not” is combined with the auxiliary verb.
(i). He does not go to school.
(ii). He does not love her.
- I play cricket.
- You sing songs.
- She likes you very much.
- They come here daily.
- We read this newspaper.
- You do not help him.
- She does not speak French.
- The people do not know the truth.
- I do not appreciate this.
- My brother does not like coffee.
- Do you live in America?
- Does she play guitar?
- Do they not reach office on time?
- What do you know about this?
- Why does she not marry you?